Governance of STI shall be Strengthened to Efficiently Harness its Roles for SDGs
The Ministry of Science and Technology of China (MOST) in collaboration with UN-DESA and UN ESCAP organized an international capacity building workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for policy makers, experts and practitioners at Guilin, China from December 09 – 17, 2019. The workshop was a follow up to the global multi-stakeholder forum on STI for the SDGs, which is part of the Technology Facilitation Mechanisms (TFM) mandated by the UN 2030 agenda.
H.E. Prof Afework Kassu, State Minister of Science and Higher Education, chaired a session entitled “China’s Policy and Experience on Governance of Science Technology and Innovation’ during the workshop. The Session was aimed to introduce China’s experience with developing its own science and technology eco-system by focusing on lessons learned and how other counties can apply those lessons to their unique situations.
Three Chinese Professors presented on China’s experiences on “Rural District Modernization (Model Community Development), Monitoring of SDGs, and on Intelligent Technology Industry”.
1. Prof Xu Zhengzhong (Deputy Dean of the Institute for International Strategic Studies, Director of International Organizations Institute of Chinese Academy of Governance) presented on 'Science and Technology are the Main Pillars for the Governance Innovation of Rural Districts Modernization'. He stressed the example of Zonghe Model: a tri-helix model which involves the interaction among government, farmers and businesses; among land, population and industry; among entrepreneurship park, training park and housing park; and among government, market and society. The interaction amongst the above was shared as example of Modern Intelligent Agriculture to showcase the role of STI in rural district modernization.
2. Prof. Chen Jun (Academician at National Geomatics Center of China) presented on 'SDGs Local Monitoring – China’s Pilot Practice' where he demonstrated an example of a study on the SDGs Monitoring of Deqing County using 16 SDGs and 102 selected indicators. His team collected spacio-temporal and other data, analyzed and generated a 70 pages report which was coined by UN as a Best Practice. The results generated transformative knowledge which is believed to be input for next action plans for intervention.
3. Prof. Dr Ke Gong (World Federal of Engineering Organization, Executive Director of Chines Institute for New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Strategies) presented on 'National Artificial Intelligence (AI) Development and Research Strategy'. He addressed AI’s application in Smart Economy, Smart Infrastructure and Smart Society. He also shared the ten open innovation platforms which are open to foreign companies and universities and the AI eco-system led by big companies such as Alibaba, Tencent, Baidu, etc in China. He emphasized the need to increase awareness about AI and other emerging technologies and the importance of integrating AI into the real economy by putting in place clear policies and strategies.
Member country representatives and other participants reflected on the high-level presentations and discussed how to best apply the lessons to unique situations in their respective countries. In closing, H.E. Prof Afework stressed the need to strengthen “Governance of STI to efficiently harness its roles for SDGs”.