Benjamin Silliman set up the first science lab which was a chemistry lab at Yale in 1847. He paid rent to the college for use of the building and equipped it at his own expenses. Few students were allowed into this lab, which was mainly reserved for scientists’ research, although some apparatus from the laboratory was occasionally brought into the lecture room for demonstrations.
Chemistry is fundamental to understanding our environment, new developments in technology, and our society. In other words, it is central to our lives. That’s why chemistry is often called the “Central Science”. Although the traditional division of chemistry into analytical, biological, inorganic, physical and organic chemistry is still applied, these distinctions between chemistry sub-disciplines are fading, and chemistry increasingly overlaps with other sciences.
Civil engineering concerns the study of conception, design, construction and maintenance of large public and private projects. Civil engineers build and maintain bridges, highways, railways, tunnels, airports, dams, water treatment and distribution systems and large buildings, along with many other structures. Environmental considerations, such as water supply, pollution control and preservation of soil quality, are also a part of the course of study. With thorough knowledge of both the principles of construction and the possible environmental consequences of a structure, the civil engineer's expertise is one that is essential to our present civilization and one that will become ever more valuable in the future.
Higher Education Institutions have been enrolling and graduating students, there were weaknesses in terms of ensuring quality and relevance and satisfying public demands in producing required human capital. It has become necessary to create an appropriate legal framework to guide Higher Education Institutions in achieving their missions expected of them by the government and public as the previous proclamation is found to have shortages in its contents. It has become necessary to create an appropriate legal framework to ensure the quality and relevance of Higher Education Institutions, and ensure that are center of excellence in teaching, learning research and community service, and ensure that Higher Education Institutions give due attention and priority to nationally prioritization areas and lay governance system of transparency equity and accountability. It is necessary to provide bylaw that enable Higher Education Institutions to be competent in their mission achievement, providing graduates with required knowledge, skill, and ethics and ensures that institutional and academic freedom is exercised within the legal frameworks, it is necessary to amend the existing proclamation.